Nov 5, 2021 • 27M

Ruggedization

The world is getting rougher and more chaotic. Being ready demands building fast.

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New thinking for a fast-changing planet.
HafenCity, a district built to withstand sea level rise and worsening storms. Image: San Andreas, CC

Hey Friends—

Brittleness, as we’ve discussed, is the vulnerability to sudden loss that comes when a system meet conditions that exceed the tolerances for which it was designed. (A levee breaching during a unprecedented flood has proven brittle, as has the …

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